Charles I was born in Fife Scotland on 19 November 1600, being the second son of James VI of Scotland and of Anne of Denmark. He became king because of the death of his brother, Prince Henry, in 1612. He was the second Stuart King of England, in 1625.
Charles was reserved, self-righteous and, had a residual stammer. As king he believed in the divine right. He was a linguist and spent a lot on the arts. He had a great collection of Van Dyck’s, Rubenss, Raphael’s, and Titian’s. His expenditure on his court and his picture collection greatly increased the crown’s debts. Indeed, crippling lack of money was a key problem for both the early Stuart monarchs. Charles was very religious. He he was of the Anglican branch, but many of his people, mostly in Scotland, wanted plainer forms.
Charles promised Parliament in 1624 that there would be no advantages for people that did not go to te Church of England, but he married a Roman Catholic, French insisted to remove all laws against Roman Catholics. Charles’s secretly added to the marriage treaty, despite his promise to Parliament.
Charles had failed two attacks on France. One was led by Buckingham, a royal favorite who gained political and military power. He was impeached by Parliament in 1628, was murdered by a fanatic before the second attack on France. This caused a power struggle because it was the king’s right to choose his ministers, but Parliament has to approve of them.
Sir John Eliot was Charles biggest opponent until 1629. He was imprisoned in the Tower of London he died in 1632.
Fights between the King and Parliament were manly about money. Which were very low because of the many wars. Charles dismissed Parliament in March 1629 and tax how he wanted. His enemies called…
…corruptible to an incorruptible Crown, where no disturbance can be.” He said a silent prayer to GOD and then signaled the executioner. With one clean chop the head of a king rolled on the cold hard ground.
Charles burial caused a little disorder so to prevent this the Parliament barried him on 9 February at Windsor, rather than Westminster Abbey. After his barrial, Parliament passed an act forbidding any other monarch abolishing the office of King so that Charles II could not assume the throne.
On 27 January outside Banqueting House in Whitehall Charles every year people who believed him as a martyr for the realm of England remember his death in wrath. The believers send themselves to execution site face down.
Charles pride and stubbornness lead him to not negotiate and work with the parliament. This lead to his death as a lesson to all not to become like him.