Essay Overview of The Enlightenment

The Enlightenment was a period of history throughout the mid-decades of the seventeenth century and during the course of the eighteenth century, in which intense revolutions in science, philosophy, society and politics occurred. This part of history was important because it was an enormous departure from the Middle Ages. Seldom before and after this time, did the Church have as much power as it did during the Enlightenment. There were three main eras of the Enlightenment: The Early Enlightenment, The High Enlightenment, and The Late Enlightenment and Beyond. Each era had a few important people related to the movement. There were also other factors contributing to the Enlightenment. These include Rationalism, Empiricism, and skepticism. How we see nature and what we know about it as it changes with the changes of modern science. “It belongs centrally to the agenda of Enlightenment philosophy to contribute to the new knowledge of nature, and to provide a metaphysical framework within which to place and interpret this new knowledge.” The Enlightenment eventually presented an approach to the nineteenth-century Romanticism.

The Early Enlightenment was the period of the Enlightenment from 1685-1730. Important contributors of the seventeenth-century Enlightenment included Englishman Francis Bacon, Frenchman Renee Descartes and a key natural philosopher Galileo. Two mechanisms providing scientific, mathematical and philosophical toolkit for the Enlightenment’s foremost improvements included Isaac Newton’s “Principia Mathematica” (1686) and John Locke’s “Essay Concerning Human Understanding” (1689).Technically speaking, there was no single, unified Enlightenment. Rather, a French Enlightenment, a Scottish Enlightenment, and…

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…he Enlightenment thinking is generally considered to have been the salons in Paris and Berlin, the practical application of those ideas was carried out most vividly in the American colonies.

Bibliography

Bristow, William, Bristow,. “Enlightenment.” Stanford University. Stanford University, 20 Aug. 2010. Web. 27 Oct. 2013. .

SparkNotes. SparkNotes, n.d. Web. 27 Oct. 2013. .

“Scottish Enlightenment Home – Scottish Enlightenment.” Scottish Enlightenment Home – Scottish Enlightenment. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Oct. 2013. .

“7a. The Impact of Enlightenment in Europe.” The Impact of Enlightenment in Europe [ushistory.org]. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Oct. 2013. .

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