Jack London was an American author, born in 1876 and died at the early age of forty from uremia poisoning, in 1916. Throughout London’s life his novels and short stories impacted American authors and their literature. London began one of his many careers, writing, at twenty-one years old with his first short story, Two Gold Bricks, published in Owl Magazine. Some of the novels and short stories he is recognized for include: The Call of the Wild, White Fang, To build a Fire and Sea-Wolf. Jack London’s most frequently read short story, To Build a Fire, is the best example of London’s use of man vs. nature and his naturalistic stories. It also emulates what London experienced in the Yukon Territory. To Build a Fire is about a man on the trail in arctic weather trying to survive.
John Griffith Chaney, widely known as Jack London, born in San Francisco, California was born into a wealthy background. His mother, Flora Wellman, was very ill for most of London’s youth, so he was raised through infancy by an ex-slave, Virginia Prentiss (Stasz). London established his infatuation for reading when he discovered an old torn book on the side of the road, called Signa. The novel had many missing pages, but that didn’t stop London from picturing the outcome in many diverse scenarios (Streissguth 1).He attended school through the eighth grade, but later went back to high school at nineteen. London received most of his education by going to public libraries. As an adolescent, he worked various hard labor jobs such as: capturing poachers, sealing ships, and he even joined Kelly’s Army. His life as a writer approximately began in 1893, when he wrote Two Gold Bricks. He spent the winter of 1897 in the Yukon, a North American river that flows westwar…
…son to pause and acknowledge the well-being and lives of wildlife. He also impacted society by informing people what life was like for people who were living and traveling through the wilderness part of the world. By looking through London’s works, you’re able to see his emotional and literary progress through the characters in his stories and their attitudes toward the environment.
In conclusion, throughout London’s life his novels and short stories impacted American authors and their literature with his point of view gained from experiences. London’s influences included: Social Darwinism, Nietzsche, and Marx. He was a literary naturalist, which led him to write over fifty plus novels and over a thousand articles. And Jack London’s most commonly read short story, To Build a Fire, is the best example of London’s use of man vs. nature and his naturalistic stories.