The right to life that has been stated in the Declaration of Independence brings up controversial debates about the morality of war, self-defense, capital punishment, abortion and euthanasia. Euthanasia is the ending of a life to escape suffering and pain. Although many believe that assisted suicide, also known as physician-assisted death is morally wrong, I think that under certain, strict circumstances, people should have the choice whether or not they want to suffer towards the end of their lives. A person should have the rights to their own life and should have the option to end their pain in a more peaceful manner. So the real question that should be asked is- Is it wrong to let them die or is it wrong to let them suffer?
There are many different names for this practice- Death with Dignity, mercy killing, the right to die, assisted suicide, physician-assisted death and Euthanasia. Euthanasia comes from the Greek word “euthanatos” meaning “easy death”. It is the act of killing a person who suffers from an irreversible coma or painful and incurable disease. This is illegal in most countries. There are a few different types of euthanasia- active and passive, voluntary and involuntary, indirect euthanasia and assisted suicide. Both voluntary euthanasia and assisted suicide occurs when a person is mentally stable and has made the decision for themselves to end their life. Passive euthanasia is when a patient refuses to take a medication and knows that it will eventually lead to death. It is considered involuntary euthanasia is when a person is in a coma, unconscious or unable to make the decision for themselves so an appropriate person makes it for them. Some say that passive and involuntary euthanasia isn’t as morally wrong but…
… Is No Justification for Legalizing Euthanasia.” Assisted Suicide. Ed. Noel Merino. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2012. Current Controversies. Rpt. from “Euthanasia: Can It Ever Be Right to Legalise It?” Catholic Insight 17.2 (Feb. 2009): 8-9. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 23 Feb. 2014
Marker, Rita. “Right-to-Die Laws Do Present a Slippery Slope.” The Right to Die. Ed. John Woodward. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 2006. At Issue. Rpt. from “Oregon’s Suicidal Approach to Healthcare.” American Thinker. 2009. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 27 Feb. 2014
Smith, Michael. “There Is No Evidence of a Slippery Slope with Right-to-Die Laws.” The Right to Die. Ed. John Woodward. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 2006. At Issue. Rpt. from “No ‘Slippery Slope’ Found with Physician Assisted Suicide.” MedPage Today. 2009. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 27 Feb. 2014