nsucurrent.com April 19, 2018

As Peace Talks Resume South Sudan Continues Its Assault On Press Freedom

04 February 2018, 01:33 | Colleen Roy

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The United States encourages the African Union to consider sanctions against those responsible, and is seeking support for a United Nations Security Council embargo on all arms flows into South Sudan, Nauert said.

The South Sudan Human Rights Society for Advocacy (SSHURSA) welcomes the announcement made today 2 February 2018 by the United States Department of State to implement restrictions on export of defence articles and defence services into South Sudan.

USA law requires companies, entities or manufacturers seeking to export controlled products to register with the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls, an office in the Bureau of Political-Military Affairs at the Department of State.

Late last month, US ambassador Nikki Haley announced that the United States had given up on South Sudan's leader after investing more than $11 billion in the country, and she called President Salva Kiir an "unfit partner" in the pursuit of peace.

"The message must be clear - the United States, the region, and the worldwide community will not stand idly by as innocent South Sudanese civilians are murdered", Nauert said. Machar is now in exile.

Thousands of men, women and children have been subjected to unimaginable acts of violence, including sexual assault, by government and opposition forces, some of which could amount to crimes against humanity or war crimes.

The Trump administration urged neighbouring countries and African groups, such as the eight-member Intergovernmental Authority on Development, to sanction South Sudanese officials who are aiding the conflict.

But patience from South Sudan's foreign allies has worn out after countless failed efforts to bring peace to a country, now in its fifth year of a war where targeted ethnic killings, gang rapes and other atrocities have occurred. Russian Federation has said it would only worsen the situation and China has said the U.N.'s most powerful body should send out more "positive and enthusiastic messages".

The State Department hopes the USA trade restriction will encourage others, including the African Union and the regional bloc IGAD, to take similar measures.

The unilateral arms embargo is another signal by Washington that it is losing patience with South Sudan's leaders after ceasefires have been repeatedly violated.

The U.N. secretary-general last month warned of the imposition of "consequences".

A new round of peace talks, brokered by a regional bloc, is set to begin Monday in neighboring Ethiopia with discussions of, among other things, a permanent cease-fire.

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