Speaking to reporters ahead of the launch, ISRO chairman AS Kiran Kumar explained that GSLV Mark III will enable India to put communications satellites into space from its own soil in future.
India successfully launched its heaviest-ever rocket on Monday which it hopes will eventually be able to carry astronauts into space, a feat that only Russian Federation, the United States and China have achieved, its space agency said.
India's space agency has successfully launched its heaviest rocket, the 640-tonne rocket blasted off from a launching site off the Bay of Bengal in Sriharikota. The 43.43 metre-tall GSLV Mk III is a new, improved and powerful version of the GSLV rockets developed by ISRO, and features an indigenously developed cryogenic engine which provides a huge final thrust to the rocket after the initial solid and liquid fuel engine stages.
In February, ISROmade headlines when it launched a record-breaking 104 satellites into space atop just one rocket. That is, the GSAT-19 will be equivalent to having a constellation of six to seven of the older communications satellites in space.
To reach its final state today, a total of 11 flights and over 200 tests were conducted for the successful making of the rocket, which took almost 25 years to become what it is today. The launch vehicle also had the communication satellite GSAT 19 on board which was separated opportunely. The core-stage (liquid stage) separation will happen at 5 minutes and 20 seconds after lift-off and the cryo-stage ignition happens two seconds later.
It uses ISRO's indigenous cryogenic engine, developed by the space exploration body after decades of work.
"Proud to say ISRO has given birth to a Baahubali", said Tapan Misra, Director, Space Applications Centre (SAC) of ISRO, indicating its enormous power.
Scientists say the rocket could be used in the future to carry an astronaut into space, something that only Russian Federation, the United States and China have done.
Isro began work on building indigenous cryogenic engine in the 1970s, though it gained momentum after Russian Federation denied transfer of technology.
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